AND DISADVANTAGE WOMEN
It is necessary to understand that lot of feminists researchers
refuse to split the global and the local assuming that the transnational
could be translated from local in a kind of continuum (Freeman,
Apud Bhari, 2006). Considering that capital and industry don’t
have national borderlands anymore (Bhari, 2006), it is necessary
to understand the importance of this lecture: we can consider
the local process and the actors opening gradually in the same
way the globalization is done.
The debate about the polemic women roles in the process of globalization
and development is still necessary, considering the structure
kept in the ‘invisible’ work, or domestic, that is
not included in production clusters (D’Ávila Neto,
2005). What is evidenced in social and sexual division of labor
through the transformation of women’s consciousness and
social values in the last decades of the twentieth century. Nevertheless,
the female working journey is still quadruple as indicated by
Castells (2001): waged job, home administration, children education
and sex work (at night). The informal work has become an alternative
for poor women in developing countries, like Brazil: the majority
of women who migrate to richest places are looking for better
conditions of life or temporary jobs (Macdowell, 2008).
The struggle for social recognition is fundamental to understand
the moral grammar of inequalities. Authors such as Honneth (2003)
and Fraser (2005) indicate an important theoretical support in
examining these questions, being transpose to different dimensions,
like ethnical or gender as an example. Than it is identified not
only the primary demands for recognition as love, friendship,
civil/human rights, or solidarity, in short, demands for recognition
of identities that have a cultural approach on population –
in a broader sense – and at the same time economic demands
referring to redistributive aspects leading to issues of power,
as observed Nancy Fraser (2001), referring to the gender issue.
Briefly, gender constitutes a mixed group that comprehend not
only the economic aspects of redistribution, but also another
cultural aspects that situate it as a demand for recognition;
both aspects are intricate reinforcing each other dialectically
to the extent that the androcentric and sexist norms are institutionalized
in the State and the economy. The economic vulnerability where
they are found, restricts their possibilities to make their voices
heard, becoming difficult to make equal participation in culture
production, in the public sphere and everyday life (Fraser, 2001).
1) Communities ethnography and pilot studies*
o Participant observation in strategic places, identifying the
o Interview recorded with leaders of the identified networks.
o Interview recorded with women observing their daily lives.
- Second phase:
o Narratives recorded exploring the cultural universe of local
Psycho Sociologic Intervention
- Conducting participatory enquêtes around themes including
the 'know how' and women’s daily life.
- Workshops of empowerment discussing life as whole, everyday
life, work, family, etc.
- Seminars and workshops with leaders, government actors, associations,
people interested in concentrated actions (as example, training
for the creation of a voluntary center support or cooperative)
3) Database and Images
- Atlas.ti software resource allows the simultaneous use of text
and image which is an advantage over other programs because it
process videotape interviews and other data (tool developed in
Germany by T. Muhr)
- Memories recorded of the project
- Video recorded – a methodology based on visual anthropology
and the techniques applied to psycho sociologic research to supply
the workshops for discussion with women.
- Provide data to facilitate the creation of a sociological network
configuration matrix (leadership, neighborhood, community, community
workers and others).
- Provide publications, videos, CDs and other audiovisual materials
for the “state of art” identifying and mapping community
A pilot study is being undertaken in the municipality of Rio de
Janeiro, with groups of migrant women from the poorest regions
of the country.