GLOBALIZATION AND DISADVANTAGE WOMEN

It is necessary to understand that lot of feminists researchers refuse to split the global and the local assuming that the transnational could be translated from local in a kind of continuum (Freeman, Apud Bhari, 2006). Considering that capital and industry don’t have national borderlands anymore (Bhari, 2006), it is necessary to understand the importance of this lecture: we can consider the local process and the actors opening gradually in the same way the globalization is done.

The debate about the polemic women roles in the process of globalization and development is still necessary, considering the structure kept in the ‘invisible’ work, or domestic, that is not included in production clusters (D’Ávila Neto, 2005). What is evidenced in social and sexual division of labor through the transformation of women’s consciousness and social values in the last decades of the twentieth century. Nevertheless, the female working journey is still quadruple as indicated by Castells (2001): waged job, home administration, children education and sex work (at night). The informal work has become an alternative for poor women in developing countries, like Brazil: the majority of women who migrate to richest places are looking for better conditions of life or temporary jobs (Macdowell, 2008).

The struggle for social recognition is fundamental to understand the moral grammar of inequalities. Authors such as Honneth (2003) and Fraser (2005) indicate an important theoretical support in examining these questions, being transpose to different dimensions, like ethnical or gender as an example. Than it is identified not only the primary demands for recognition as love, friendship, civil/human rights, or solidarity, in short, demands for recognition of identities that have a cultural approach on population – in a broader sense – and at the same time economic demands referring to redistributive aspects leading to issues of power, as observed Nancy Fraser (2001), referring to the gender issue.

Briefly, gender constitutes a mixed group that comprehend not only the economic aspects of redistribution, but also another cultural aspects that situate it as a demand for recognition; both aspects are intricate reinforcing each other dialectically to the extent that the androcentric and sexist norms are institutionalized in the State and the economy. The economic vulnerability where they are found, restricts their possibilities to make their voices heard, becoming difficult to make equal participation in culture production, in the public sphere and everyday life (Fraser, 2001).

RESEARCH STEPS

1) Communities ethnography and pilot studies*

- First phase:
o Participant observation in strategic places, identifying the existing networks.
o Interview recorded with leaders of the identified networks.
o Interview recorded with women observing their daily lives.
- Second phase:
o Narratives recorded exploring the cultural universe of local knowledge

2) Psycho Sociologic Intervention
- Conducting participatory enquêtes around themes including the 'know how' and women’s daily life.
- Workshops of empowerment discussing life as whole, everyday life, work, family, etc.
- Seminars and workshops with leaders, government actors, associations, people interested in concentrated actions (as example, training for the creation of a voluntary center support or cooperative)

3) Database and Images
- Atlas.ti software resource allows the simultaneous use of text and image which is an advantage over other programs because it process videotape interviews and other data (tool developed in Germany by T. Muhr)
- Memories recorded of the project
- Video recorded – a methodology based on visual anthropology and the techniques applied to psycho sociologic research to supply the workshops for discussion with women.
- Provide data to facilitate the creation of a sociological network configuration matrix (leadership, neighborhood, community, community workers and others).
- Provide publications, videos, CDs and other audiovisual materials for the “state of art” identifying and mapping community leaders.

(*) A pilot study is being undertaken in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro, with groups of migrant women from the poorest regions of the country.