development seeks to emphasize local initiatives, and to consider
them as important parts of the development process, because they
arise spontaneously following the needs and aspirations of communities.
To develop locally is only possible when we think in terms of encouraging
the participation of groups according to their own ways of organizing,
in particular their positive and effective contribution to a wider
perspective on development.
local development notion intensifies the participation of community
development agents, and expands the power of their actions and of
other social organizations in the decision-making process.
development acts as a way of recovering or renewing social structures
such as associations in general, cooperative associations, municipal
and state government bodies and non-governmental organizations whose
actions will revert in favor of local issues. Local development
projects are based on culture, nature and local ethical and ideological
values. What is at stake is the sustainability of these projects
and initiatives, the possibility of creating solid and lasting foundations
by embracing the belief that global initiatives are built from small
local ones. In the long run, the qualifications developed at each
region will become the only source of competitive advantage, opening
the way to the progress and success of these initiatives.
mistaken for endogenous development, local development may actually
happen from an endogenous
point of view ; or from an exogenous
There are also development agents, either from the community itself
or from outside, that are in tune with the community and who bring
their knowledge to it. This is why there is globally a great concern
with community development agent training programs. This training
is an attempt to exchange experiences and knowledge that will generate
is also a kind of non-formal education, congregating different social
subjects to interact together for a common goal. Environmental education,
often conducted in non-formal educational spaces and using a socio-environmental
perspective, seeks to reach the local knowledge embedded in cultural
development projects generate the material conditions needed for
the coexistence of multiple development models. This diversity of
development processes arises from local needs and interests as well
as from their ability to articulate with global interests. Therefore,
each location, community, municipality or area may choose a development
process, which respects its specific values (cultural, natural,
ethic, moral) and enables a larger participation in the global development
"valuing and stimulating spontaneous and preexisting
forms of social organization."
- "encouraging and helping local associations and entities
capable of organizing the community so as to make better
use of its human and social resources."